A Scoping Review of the Impact of Emergency Department Nurse Practitioners on Healthcare Outcomes in Canada Patient Safety Solution
Keywords:emergency department, nurse practitioner, scoping review, outcomes
Background: Nurse Practitioners (NPs) are a valuable yet untapped resource in Canadian healthcare – especially in the emergency department (ED). Multiple international studies showed positive outcomes associated with NPs working in EDs, but limited Canadian studies are available.
Aim: The objective of this study was to review the literature available in Canada on the outcomes associated with having NPs in the ED. These outcomes include wait times, length of stay (LOS), rates of patients who left without being seen (LWBS), willingness to be treated by an NP, and patient satisfaction with their treatment by an NP.
Methods: This scoping review was informed by the procedures outlined by the Joanna Briggs Institute. Reporting was guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). Two independent reviewers systematically searched CINAHL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, and MEDLINE in January 2022. All peer-reviewed articles that met the eligibility criteria were included. A pair of independent reviewers completed the selection process, screening, and data extraction. The reviewers discussed disagreements until they reached a consensus.
Results: A total of five studies met the inclusion criteria. Decrease in wait times, LOS, rates of patients who LWBS, and increase in patient throughput were noted. One study did not find significant improvement in wait times, LOS, and rates of patients who LWBS. There was also a high rate of patient satisfaction and willingness to see an NP.
Conclusion: This review shows evidence of positive change on the outcomes of decreased wait times, LOS, rates of patients who LWBS, and patient satisfaction associated with having NPs in EDs. However, there is limited up-to-date evidence in the Canadian literature leaving room for future research. Future research needs to address outcomes associated with NPs working in the ED in Canadian provinces other than British Columbia, Alberta, and Ontario, research that is more in line with the current political climate of the pandemic and lack of resources, and how NPs can be best integrated into EDs
- 2022-09-20 (2)
- 2022-09-20 (1)
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Copyright (c) 2022 Timur Bazavluk, Usha Pant , Krooti Vyas, Kathleen Hunter, Elisavet Papathanasoglou
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